1887 - 1979

Jesse Aaron

Gainesville, Florida
About
Nobody Leaves Empty-Handed
By:
Roy Craven

I first heard of Jesse Aaron and his wood carvings in 1968. From my very first meeting with Aaron, it was apparent to me that his unique work deserved to be seen by an audience wider than that which passed by his house or that had seen the few pieces displayed in a local outdoor art festival. Accordingly, I opened an exhibition of thirty-one of Aaron's works in the University of Florida Gallery on October 14, 1970. Several hundred people attended. The gallery opened at 1:00 PM, and by 2:30 most of the sculpture had been sold.

The next day, when I went to his house to tell him how successful the opening had been, Aaron's face lit up the darkened room with a wonderful smile, and holding both hands above his head, he performed a spontaneous dance of joy, a kind of jig that activated his entire eighty-six-year-old body and that I delight in remembering today.

Jesse Aaron was born in Lake City, Florida, in 1887, into a black family with twelve children. As a child, he was hired out as a field worker on a farm and his formal education began when he was twenty-one and attended vocational school to become a baker. He eventually began cooking on the Seaboard Coastline Railroad, which coincidentally utilized right-of-ways where earlier he had "grubbed" [removed] stumps for ten cents each. This money, he later told me, was used to pay his poll tax.

The artist's early farming experience remained with him throughout his life. He kept a vegetable garden for his wife, Lee Anna, a teacher, and his family until he died, and for many years he operated a nursery producing cut flowers for sale.

Meanwhile, Aaron continued as a cook, working in hotels and at University of Florida fraternity houses in Gainesville. When he was unable to find work cooking, Aaron did cabinetmaking; the skills thus acquired contributed significantly to his technique as a wood sculptor.

His earliest carvings were actually on trees marking the boundaries of his property; the faces grew larger as the trees grew. Other trees near his house were also carved with faces that the artist believed to be protective.

In 1968, while Aaron and his wife were living in the house he had built on N W Seventh Avenue in Gainesville, he discovered that Lee Anna was losing her sight. He realized in desperation that without a steady job, he would have no money for her cataract- removal operations. As he told it to me, one morning he awoke at 3 PM with the voice of the Lord still reverberating in his ears, saying "Jesse, Carve Wood!" He immediately arose from his bed, went into his small workshop, and carved the first of his small wooden sculptures.

As the days passed, he continued carving small items from soft cedar that he got from a neighbor who sold kindling and firewood. Eventually, Aaron extended the roof of his house to the sidewalk and enclosed the covered space, creating a display area and a shop for selling his new wooden creations. He affixed two signs to this new addition; they read "Jesse J. Aaron, Sculptor" and "Jesse J. Aaron Museum." From that day forward, Jesse Aaron could generally be found there, receiving customers while seated in his sturdy lavender-painted rocker. Within his first year as a carver, Jesse Aaron had sold enough of his carved pieces to pay for the first eye operation, and Lee Anna was soon back to her sewing machine and quilt making.

Aaron liked to add various found materials to his carvings, often attaching torn paper or articles of old clothing, scarecrow-like, or glass or plastic marbles for eyes. He occasionally created narrative commentaries, one of which shows a sheriff with a black prisoner and utilizes a pair of pliers as handcuffs and includes a toy pistol. Another work shows a shark with a small white plastic doll astride it and a plastic rattle in its mouth.

Aaron's work has a visual similarity to the carvings of several traditional cultures of the Western Hemisphere—from the northwest coast of Canada to the coast of Peru—including Native American, African American, and European American folk and naive wood sculpture; these actually correspond to his ancestry, which was African American, European and Seminole. The Seminoles, of course, had a long history of having absorbed non-natives-slaves and other runaways into their culture; Osceola, their great warrior leader and heroic figure of the early nineteenth century, was himself of mixed racial background.

Some viewers have suggested that Jesse Aaron's forms have their origins in African art. Aaron actually once became angered by several African pieces he saw in a museum because he thought that they were copied from his works, not knowing that they were nineteenth-century ritual objects.

The artist and his works became widely known and acclaimed beyond Florida. His talent and achievement were further recognized through the selection of his works for inclusion in "Black Folk Art in America 1930-1980," which opened at the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., in 1982 and toured the country.

Aaron's technique involves a combination of root sculpture and chainsaw carving. Most chainsaw carvers use fairly standard pieces of wood in their work, while most root sculptors seek out roots suggesting form and content to them. Aaron, on the other hand, would seek out wood that suggested imagery to him and, through carving, bring it out of the raw material into the open. His rough-hewn images often contain highly expressive faces emerging from the germinal forms that retain the natural configurations of growth.

When arthritic pain kept him from searching for wood, he hired college students to do it for him, but complained to collector William Arnett, "These guys don't know what to look for. They can't see it. Most of the time, what they bring to me I can't see nothing in it."

Jesse Aaron was an American with both African and Native American ancestry. He spoke fondly of his Seminole grandmother and of her teaching him as a child to weave palmetto-frond fans and matting. But Jesse Aaron was also a man who lived and experienced a life of rich and unique dimensions. He took great joy in speaking with children, in showing them his work, and listening to their interpretations. He had a natural strength of character that won everyone's respect.

I remember well one of my earliest visits to Aaron, and how upon leaving I had two juicy red tomatoes from his garden thrust into my hands. "My friends don't leave me empty-handed," he said. Some months later I was admiring some papaya trees at his back door and commented that I'd learned to enjoy papaya as part of my breakfast when I'd traveled in Latin America. After that, whenever his papaya trees set fruit, I was never without papayas. Jesse Aaron didn't like a day to pass without making some small gift to someone.

Today, through his wood carvings, Jesse is still generously sharing his largesse—nobody leaves empty-handed.

Cosmologies from the Tree of Life: Art from the African American South

Cosmologies from the Tree of Life: Art from the African American South

This catalogue accompanies the exhibition Cosmologies from the Tree of Life: Art from the African American South, presented at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, June 8-November 17, 2019.

Revelations: Art from the African American South

Revelations: Art from the African American South

While the artists featured in this groundbreaking catalog were born in the Jim Crow period of institutionalized racism, their works embody the promise and attainment of freedom in the modern Civil Rights era and address some of the most profound and persistent issues in American society, including race, class, gender, and spirituality. Originally created as expressions of individual identity and communal solidarity, these eloquent objects are powerful testaments to the continuity and survival of African American culture. This gorgeous book features lush illustrations of works by artists such as Thornton Dial, Bessie Harvey, Purvis Young, and the Gee's Bend quilters--including Gearldine Westbrook, Jessie T. Pettway, and more--and presents a series of insightful essays.

Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art, Vol. 1

Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art, Vol. 1

The African American culture of the South has produced many of the twentieth century’s most innovative art forms. Widely appreciated for its music—from the blues and jazz, to gospel, soul, rock ‘n’ roll—the region has also played host to a less visible but equally important visual art tradition.

In the Presence of Our Ancestors: Southern Perspectives in African American Art

In the Presence of Our Ancestors: Southern Perspectives in African American Art

Minneapolis Institute of Art
December 12, 2020 to December 5, 2021

In the Presence of Our Ancestors: Southern Perspectives in African American Art” brings together methods of visual storytelling and ancestral memory through the individual practices of artists from the “Black Belt” region of the American South—a term that refers to the region’s black soil, as well as the le

Cosmologies from the Tree of Life: Art from the African American South

Cosmologies from the Tree of Life: Art from the African American South

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
June 8, 2019 to November 17, 2019

As embodiments of the African American experience and cultural legacies, the works of art featured in Cosmologies from the Tree of Life: Art from the African American South are rooted in African aesthetic legacies, familial tradition, and communal ethos. Previously marginalized as “folk or self-taught” art, they now take their rightful place as significant contributors to the canon of American Modernism.

Revelations: Art from the African American South

Revelations: Art from the African American South

de Young Museum
June 3, 2017 to April 1, 2018

"Revelations: Art from the African American South" celebrates the debut of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco major acquisition from the Souls Grown Deep Foundation in Atlanta of 62 works by contemporary African American artists from the Southern United States.

Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art of the South

Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art of the South

Michael C. Carlos Museum at City Hall East
June 29 - November 3, 1996
"Souls Grown Deep: African-American Vernacular Art of the South," a groundbreaking exhibition of over 450 artworks by some 30 contemporary artists, highlighting a significant artistic tradition that has risen in concert with the Civil Rights Movement. This exhibition presents an art form that is universal in its appeal and currency yet highly individuated in its origins within the African-American South.